Scoliosis is a common problem that affects up to 6% of the population and can be treated successfully. It involves an abnormal curvature and rotation of the spine and is more common in girls.
Children should be screened for scoliosis between the ages of 10 and 14. Treatment of mild and moderate scoliosis is bracing and exercise. Surgery is needed for the most severe cases and involves spine fusion with metal instrumentation.
Three General Causes of Scoliosis
- Idiopathic adolescent scoliosis means the cause is not known and it most commonly affects adolescents. Less common are idiopathic juvenile and infantile scoliosis.
- Congenital (present at birth) scoliosis is due to deformities in the formation of the spine bones.
- Neuromuscular scoliosis is due to underlying conditions such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy and spina bifida.
It is important to receive treatment for scoliosis from a pediatric orthopedic surgeon. MOSH pediatric surgeons specialize in the treatment of all forms of scoliosis.