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Achilles Tendonitis

Definition: A traumatic or degenerative condition of the conjoined tendon of the calf muscle at or above its attachment to the heel.

Cause:

  • Lack of Achilles tendon flexibility
  • Uphill walking, hiking or climbing
  • Foot imbalances such as flat or high arch feet may be a predisposing problem.

Symptoms:

  • Localized pain and swelling along the tendon.
  • Pain when squeezing the tendon.

Treatment:

  • Calf stretching exercises before and after activities
  • Temporary heel lift in shoe or boot to relax the tendon
  • Icing
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Arch supports if you have flat feet
  • Use of night splint to stretch the tendon
  • Avoidance of hills
  • Possible physical therapy if symptoms fail to improve
  • Immobilization in a cast if symptoms fail to improve

Prevention:

  • Flexibility exercises for the calves
  • If you have a particular foot deformity compensate by wearing an arch support
  • Slowly build up to hill climbing

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Hospital Affiliations

midwest orthopadic speciality hospital wheaton franciscan healthcare wheaton franciscan healthcare columbia st mary's childrens hospitel of wisconsin surgicenter of greater milwaukee wisconsin health center aurora health care

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